Some authorities consider something above 300 meters of prominence to be a mountain; others quote 600 meters. Mountains have colder climate, wetter weather, less breathable air, and quite completely different crops and animals compared to the encompassing terrain. They can be fashioned when two tectonic plates collide with one another, pushing the land upwards, and from the eruption of volcanoes. The tallest land-based mostly mountain on Earth is Mount Everest; the tallest mountain on Earth of any type (together with partly underwater) is Mauna Kea.

The subsequent expedition to K2, in 1909, led by Prince Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi, reached an elevation of around 6,250 metres (20,510 ft) on the South East Spur, now known as the Abruzzi Spur (or Abruzzi Ridge). This would finally turn out to be a part of the standard route, but was abandoned at the time as a result of its steepness and … Read More