Types of Testosterone Replacement Therapy

Oral testosterone therapy has never been used to treat hypogonadism because it can cause serious liver problems. In addition, this method is also not able to keep testosterone levels stable.

However, the FDA recently approved an oral testosterone replacement preparation like testosterone undecanoate (Jatenzo) which is absorbed by the lymph system.

In addition, there are several types of testosterone therapy that you can choose according to your comfort and cost, including:

• Gels

There are several gels and solutions available, and there are various applications for each. Depending on the manufacturer, you can apply testosterone to your quadriceps and inner thighs or rub it into the skin on your upper arms or shoulders. Don’t take a shower for many hours after using the gel to guarantee that the testosterone is absorbed by the body because it can enter via the skin. However, this approach has drawbacks, such as the potential for drug transmission to others and skin discomfort. After applying the gel, cover the area to prevent skin-to-skin contact until it has dried off.

• Injection

In the muscle or beneath the skin, testosterone enanthate and testosterone cypionate (Depo-Testosterone) are delivered. Depending on the quantity and frequency of injections, you can feel weak or unsteady afterward.

• Patches

A patch containing testosterone (Androderm) is applied nightly to the thigh or other body parts. A possible side effect is a severe skin reaction as reported jurnalnasional.com

• Gums

and Cheeks. A minor substance such as putty can also be used as part of testosterone replacement on the gums and cheeks. This method will produce testosterone through the natural depression above the upper teeth where the gums meet the upper lip (buccal cavity). This product, taken three times daily, sticks to the gum line allowing the testosterone to be absorbed into the bloodstream. However, these products can cause gum irritation.

• Nasal

The nostrils can be injected with this testosterone gel. By making this decision, the possibility of the medication spreading to other persons through skin contact is decreased. Given that each nostril must be treated twice daily, nasal testosterone delivery may be more difficult than other approaches.

• Implant Pellets

Pellets containing testosterone will be surgically implanted under the skin every three to six months. This method requires minor surgery.

Hormone Replacement Therapy for Hypogonadism

Hypogonadism is generally treated with testosterone replacement therapy to return testosterone levels to normal. Testosterone can help fight the signs and symptoms of hypogonadism in men, such as decreased sex drive, decreased energy, decreased facial and body hair, and loss of muscle mass and bone density.

Meanwhile, for older men who have low testosterone and signs and symptoms of hypogonadism due to aging, the benefits of testosterone replacement have not been proven successful in overcoming it.

While a person is taking testosterone, the doctor will usually monitor it for treatment effectiveness and side effects several times during the first year of treatment and occasionally every year thereafter.

If you or someone close to you is planning to do hormone therapy due to hypogonadism and want to know about the possible benefits and side effects, you can also ask the doctor at Halodoc. The doctor will always provide all the information you need about this via your smartphone!

Male hypogonadism

Male hypogonadism is a condition when you don’t produce enough of the hormone (testosterone) that plays an important role in the growth and development of masculine traits during puberty or you don’t have enough sperm or both. A person can be born with hypogonadism, or it can develop later in life, and it often occurs as a result of an injury or infection.

Treating hypogonadism will depend on the cause and at what age hypogonadism occurs. Fortunately, however, some types of male hypogonadism can be treated with testosterone replacement therapy.

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